IELTS Writing Guide from the Basics to Advanced

The first writing task of the IELTS exam is the “Task 1: Academic” or “Task 1: General Training” task, depending on which version of the test you are taking. Below, I’ll provide you with an example of the “Task 1: Academic” writing task structure and a dummy example related to the manufacturing of smartphones by different countries.

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1 Structure:

  1. Introduction (1-2 sentences): Start by paraphrasing or summarizing the information provided in the graph, chart, table, or diagram. Mention the main trends or features you observe.
  2. Overview (1-2 sentences): Provide a brief summary of the key trends or patterns in the data. This should give the reader a general idea of what the data represents.
  3. Specific Details (2-3 paragraphs): Present specific details, comparisons, and supporting information based on the visual data. Use data-specific vocabulary and report on significant points.
  4. Conclusion (1-2 sentences): Sum up the main points you’ve made, restate the significance of the data, and offer any final observations or insights.
  5. Word Count: Aim for around 150 words. Do not exceed 200 words. Task 1 is meant to be a concise report.

Dummy Example – Manufacturing of Smartphones by Different Countries:

Visual Data: A bar chart representing the production of smartphones in three countries (Country A, Country B, and Country C) over a five-year period (2016-2020).

Introduction: The bar chart illustrates the production of smartphones in three countries (Country A, Country B, and Country C) from 2016 to 2020.

Overview: Overall, Country A consistently produced the highest number of smartphones throughout the period, with a peak in 2019. Country B exhibited steady growth, while Country C’s production remained relatively stable but lower in comparison.

Specific Details: In 2016, Country A manufactured approximately 60 million smartphones, while Country B and Country C produced around 30 million and 20 million units, respectively. Over the next four years, Country A’s production steadily increased, reaching a peak of 90 million smartphones in 2019, before slightly declining in 2020.

Country B’s production exhibited continuous growth, rising from 30 million units in 2016 to approximately 70 million units in 2020. In contrast, Country C’s smartphone production remained relatively stable, fluctuating between 20 million and 25 million units throughout the period.

Conclusion: In conclusion, the data reveals that Country A dominated smartphone production, with its highest output in 2019. Country B experienced consistent growth, while Country C’s production remained modest and stable.

Learn to Write Introduction

Pie ChartTable ChartBar Chart
Line GraphPie GraphBar graph
Process DiagramFlow Chart

Common Verbs Used in Introduction

providesshowcasespresents
illustratesportraysrepresents
offersdisplay / demonstratesdepict

Dummy Introduction

  1. Topic: Population Growth in a City
    • “The following line graph illustrates the population growth of [New Delhi] over a ten-year period, from 2010 to 2020.”
  2. Topic: Temperature Variations in a Year
    • “This line graph depicts the annual temperature variations for [Location] throughout the course of a typical year.”
  3. Topic: Sales of Electronics Products
    • “The graph below provides a visual representation of the sales performance of electronic products in [Croma] for the year 2021.”
  4. Topic: Unemployment Rates in a Region
    • “The presented line graph offers insights into the unemployment rates in [Pakistan] over a five-year span, from 2015 to 2020.”
  5. Topic: Energy Consumption in a Household
    • “This graph illustrates the monthly energy consumption in an average household in [New Mumbai] during the year 2021.”
  6. Topic: Website Traffic Over a Month
    • “The following line graph showcases the website traffic patterns for [www.englishfi.com] during the month of [April] in [2021].”
  7. Topic: Academic Performance Over Semesters
    • “The chart below presents a comprehensive view of a student’s academic performance, including GPA, across five consecutive semesters.”
  8. Topic: Air Quality Index in a City
    • “This line graph provides data on the Air Quality Index (AQI) recorded in [Rajisthan] over the past year, from [Jan ] to [May].”
  9. Topic: Stock Price Changes for a Company
    • “The graph displays the fluctuations in the stock prices of [Reliance] over a one-year period, spanning from [2020] to 2021].”
  10. Topic: Annual Rainfall in a Region
    • “This line graph portrays the annual rainfall levels in [Mayamar] from [1990] to [2000], offering insights into precipitation patterns.”

Expressing Time

  • over a one-year period
  • five consecutive semesters.
  • over a five-year span,
  • from …..to…..
  • spanning from [2020] to 2021]
  • annual
  • over the past year,
  • throughout the course of a typical year.
  • for the year 2021.
  • Writing Graph Overview (1-2 sentences): Dummy Samples

    1. Topic: Population Growth in a City
      • “Overall, the line graph indicates a gradual increase in the population of [City Name] over the ten-year period, with the most significant growth occurring between 2015 and 2020.”
    2. Topic: Temperature Variations in a Year
      • “In general, the graph reveals distinct seasonal variations in temperature, with the warmest months occurring during the summer, and the coldest months observed in winter.”
    3. Topic: Sales of Electronics Products
      • The data illustrates fluctuations in sales throughout the year, with notable peaks during the holiday season, particularly in December.”
    4. Topic: Unemployment Rates in a Region
      • “The line graph provides an overview of unemployment trends, showing a gradual decline in unemployment rates from 2015 to 2020.”
    5. Topic: Energy Consumption in a Household
      • The graph offers a glimpse into the monthly energy consumption patterns, with increased usage in winter months and relatively lower consumption in the summer.”
    6. Topic: Website Traffic Over a Month
      • “The chart highlights fluctuations in website traffic over the course of the month, with noticeable spikes on weekends and troughs during weekdays.”
    7. Topic: Academic Performance Over Semesters
      • The overview reveals a consistent upward trend in the student’s academic performance, with a significant improvement from the third semester onward.”
    8. Topic: Air Quality Index in a City
      • On the whole, the line graph depicts fluctuations in the Air Quality Index (AQI) over the year, with the highest levels of pollution observed during the winter months.”
    9. Topic: Stock Price Changes for a Company
      • “The data provides an insight into the volatility of stock prices for [Company Name], with both highs and lows observed throughout the year.”
    10. Topic: Annual Rainfall in a Region
      • “In summary, the graph demonstrates annual variations in rainfall levels in [Region], with a noticeable increase in precipitation during the monsoon season.”
    Verbs (Line Graph)Adverbsverbs (Bar Graph)Adverbs
    Ascend
    Decline
    Fluctuate
    Soar
    Rise steadily
    Fall sharply
    Peak
    Show a gradual increase
    Gradually
    Steadily
    Sharply
    Consistently
    Abruptly
    Slightly
    Substantially
    Moderately
    Dramatically
    Compare
    Contrast
    Exceed
    Overtake
    Surpass
    Rank
    Present
    Reflect
    Show variations
    Significantly
    Relatively
    Clearly
    Noticeably
    Approximately
    Consistently
    Comparatively
    Marginally
    Visibly
    Disproportionately

    Words for Overview: The overview, on the whole, in general, overall, In glimpse, In summary

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