Truly Beautiful Mind

A truly beautiful mind

NCERT class 9 English| CBSE| UP Board| Complete Solution| Q&A |Summary and Theme

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Today, I will dive in deep to discuss all the important points of the Chapter ‘ A Truly Beautiful Mind’. I ensure you will get a complete idea to write the summary and explanation in a proper way. You will be able to write an appropriate answer. After reading this page you will find the secret to score outstanding marks in your examination.

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  • Summary Of the Chapter
  • Theme and main Ideas
  • Keywords and Quick Point after each Stanza
  • Videos just like a live class
  • Relevant Quotations and statements
  • Difficult words
  • Question Answer

Theme: Truly Beautiful Mind

This writing is about one of the greatest scientists of his time, Einstein, whose contributions in the world of physics are miraculous. Also, his efforts for world peace are remarkable.

Summary

Albert Einstein, a German boy , who could not speak till the age of two and half years; and when he started speaking, he spoke every word twice. Both, his playmates and his mother  considered him to be boring and crazy due to his abnormally large head.

Even at school, his head master regarded him as a stupid and useful for nothing child. At the age of 6, at the insistence of his mother, he started learning the violin; and very soon, he became a great violinist.

At the age of 15, when his family moved to Munich, he too left the school, as according to him, he wasn’t comfortable with the strict discipline at the school. On completing his schooling, when he joined the University at Zurich because of its more liberal atmosphere.

His interest in Physics and Mathematics attracted him towards his fellow student, Mileva Maric at the University, whom he married later and had 2 sons, but unfortunately, their marriage did not survive and was divorced in 1919.

After completing his education, Albert worked as a technical expert in the patent office at Bern, where he worked secretly on his idea on relativity.

In 1915, he published his paper on the special theory of relativity, followed by the world-famous equation E = mc2. In 1915, he published his paper on the General Theory of Relativity, which gave an absolutely new definition to the concept of gravity. This theory made him a famous figure.

In 1919, during the solar eclipse, his theory came out to be accurate and revolutionized physics. In 1933, he emigrated to the USA as Nazis had come to power in Germany. He did not want his finding and research to be used for destruction.

In 1938, when Germany discovered the principle of Nuclear Fission, he wrote to the American President about the dangers of atomic techniques. In 1945, when America dropped the Atomic Bombs on Nagasaki and Hiroshima, he was badly shaken, and so as to stop misuse of atomic bombs, he wrote to the United Nations for the formation of a world government. His last days spent in politics, advocating world peace and democracy. He died at the age of 76 in the year 1955

Summary In Hindi: A Truly Beautiful Mind

सारांश
अल्बर्ट आइंस्टीन, एक जर्मन लड़का, जो ढाई साल की उम्र तक नहीं बोल सकता था; और जब उसने बोलना शुरू किया, तो उसने हर शब्द दो बार बोला। दोनों, उनके प्लेमेट और उनकी माँ ने उन्हें असामान्य रूप से बड़े सिर के कारण उबाऊ और पागल माना। यहां तक ​​कि स्कूल में, उनके हेड मास्टर ने उन्हें बेवकूफ समझा और बिना किसी बच्चे के लिए उपयोगी।

6 वर्ष की आयु में, अपनी माँ के आग्रह पर, उन्होंने वायलिन सीखना शुरू किया; और बहुत जल्द, वह एक महान वायलिन वादक बन गया। 15 साल की उम्र में, जब उनका परिवार म्यूनिख चला गया, तो उन्होंने भी स्कूल छोड़ दिया, उनके अनुसार, वे स्कूल में सख्त अनुशासन के साथ सहज नहीं थे।

स्कूली शिक्षा पूरी करने पर, जब वह अपने अधिक उदार वातावरण के कारण ज्यूरिख विश्वविद्यालय में शामिल हुए। भौतिकी और गणित में उनकी रुचि ने उन्हें विश्वविद्यालय में अपने साथी छात्र, माइलवा मारिक की ओर आकर्षित किया, जिनसे उन्होंने बाद में शादी की और उनके 2 बेटे थे, लेकिन दुर्भाग्य से उनकी शादी नहीं बची और 1919 में उनका तलाक हो गया।


अपनी शिक्षा पूरी करने के बाद, अल्बर्ट ने बर्न के पेटेंट कार्यालय में तकनीकी विशेषज्ञ के रूप में काम किया, जहाँ उन्होंने सापेक्षता के अपने विचार पर गुप्त रूप से काम किया। 1915 में, उन्होंने अपने पेपर को सापेक्षता के विशेष सिद्धांत पर प्रकाशित किया, जिसके बाद विश्व प्रसिद्ध समीकरण E = mc2 था। 1915 में, उन्होंने जनरल थ्योरी ऑफ रिलेटिविटी पर अपना पेपर प्रकाशित किया, जिसने गुरुत्वाकर्षण की अवधारणा को बिल्कुल नई परिभाषा दी। इस सिद्धांत ने उन्हें एक प्रसिद्ध व्यक्ति बना दिया। 1919 में, सूर्य ग्रहण के दौरान, उनका सिद्धांत सटीक और क्रांतिकारी भौतिकी वाला निकला। 1933 में, वह संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका में चले गए क्योंकि जर्मनी में नाज़ी सत्ता में आए थे।

वह नहीं चाहता था कि उसकी खोज और अनुसंधान को विनाश के लिए इस्तेमाल किया जाए। 1938 में, जब जर्मनी ने परमाणु विखंडन के सिद्धांत की खोज की, तो उन्होंने अमेरिकी राष्ट्रपति को परमाणु तकनीकों के खतरों के बारे में लिखा।

1945 में, जब अमेरिका ने नागासाकी और हिरोशिमा पर परमाणु बम गिराए, तो वह बुरी तरह से हिल गया, और इसलिए परमाणु बमों के दुरुपयोग को रोकने के लिए, उन्होंने एक विश्व सरकार के गठन के लिए संयुक्त राष्ट्र को लिखा।

उनका अंतिम दिन राजनीति में बीता, विश्व शांति और लोकतंत्र की वकालत की। वर्ष 1955 में 76 वर्ष की आयु में उनका निधन हो गया

Difficult words and their Meaning

  • Destined: fate, a predetermined set of events that has to happen in the future
  • Freak: a word used disapprovingly to talk about a person who is unusual and doesn’t behave, look or think like others
  • Uttered: spoke
  • Regimentation: order or discipline taken to an extreme
  • Liberal: willing to understand and respect others opinions
  • Ally: a friend or an associate
  • Philistines: a word used disapprovingly to talk about people who do not like art, literature, or music
  • Patent: a document that gives the rights of an invention to an inventor
  • Absolute: measured in itself, not in relation to anything else
  • Unraveling: starting to fail
  • Faltered: became weak
  • Deflected: changed direction because it hit something
  • Emigrated: leave one’s own country in order to settle permanently in another
  • In an uproar: very upset.
  • Missive: letter, especially long and official
  • Visionary: a person who can think about the future in an original and intelligent way

Question and Answer: A Truly Beautiful Mind

1) What did Einstein call his desk drawer at the patent office? Why?

Answer: Einstein called his desk drawer at the patent office, ‘the bureau of theoretical physics’ because he stored his secret papers on ideas on physics there.

2) Why did Einstein write a letter to Franklin Roosevelt?

Answer: Einstein wrote a letter to Franklin Roosevelt because he found a great possibility of misuse of the atomic technique developed by Germans under the rule of Nazis.

3) How did Einstein react to the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki?

Answer: The bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki came as an utter shock for Einstein. So, to establish world peace, he wrote a public missive to the United Nations demanding the formation of a world government to stop the development of nuclear weapons.

4) Why does the world remember Einstein as a “world citizen”?

Answer: Einstein is remembered as a ‘world citizen’ because of his efforts to establish world peace.

Once you stop learning, you start dying“…….Albert Einstein

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