Class XII CBSE| NCERT English Solution| Summary| Central Idea| Quiz|Q&A
Hello, Dear readers,
You, exactly landed on right place.
Today, I will dive in deep to explain the Poem ‘ My Mother at Sixty-six by Kamla (Surayya) Das. I ensure you will get a complete idea to write the summary, central idea, and explanation of the poem orderly. You will be able to write the specification and figure of speech used in this poem too. After reading this page you will find the secret to score outstanding marks in the board examination.
Let’s get started
- About the Poet,
- Short introduction of the Poem
- Stanza-wise explanation along with reference and context
- Keywords and Quick Point after each Stanza
- Quiz: to check the level of understanding
- The central idea of The Poem
- Videos just like a live class
- Relevant Quotations and statements
- Specification (Themes and Figures of speech etc.)
About The Poet: Kamla Das
The only poetess who encouraged her heart to express whatever existed inside herUnknown
The poet, Kamala Das (Surayya) was also known by her pen-name of ‘Madhavikutty’. She was born in Kerala. She was proficient in writing composition in two Languages; Malayalam and English. She is considered one of the leading poet of India. Her subject – matter is typically related to relationship, character, personality, sensitivity, social and personal issue. External factors do not reflect in her writings, her writings depict her inner voice and realistic emotions.
Her favorite poem is ‘composition’.
Famous works: Summer in Calcutta (1965), The Descendants (1967), and The Old Playhouse, and Other Poems (1973), Novel; Alphabet of Lust (1976) and the short stories “A Doll for the Child Prostitute” (1977) and “Padmavati the Harlot” (1992)
Introduction of the Poem: My Mother At Sixty Six
In this poem, she describes her feeling of love towards her adorable ageing mother. Once the poet went to visit her mother. She was on her way back to the airport to return to Cochin. She looked at her mother who was seated beside her in the car. In this short period of time, she observed her mother’s appearance deeply. In this poem, she Illustrated her mother’s look with a comparison of different things and brought the nostalgic feeling of her mother.
Summary Of the Poem: My Mother At Sixty Six
This is a heart-touching poem written by Indian poet Kamla Das who would write under the pen name of ‘Madhavikutty’. In this poem, she describes her feeling of motherly love and affection towards her ageing mother.
One day, the poet went to visit her mother. She was on her way back to the airport to return to Cochin. She looked at her mother who was seated beside her in the car. Her mother fell into a gentle slumber and her ageing face – was dull in colour like ash. Her mouth was unclosed and she resembled a dead body. The poet realized that her mother was quite old. She felt pain and sympathy for her. Her mother needed love, affection and care.
In order to switch her glance from her mother face, the poet looked out of the car’s window. There she saw young trees and plant pass by. Little children were running out of their houses into the playgrounds/park. This scene was contrary to the ageing face of her mother. Children’s smiling innocent face symbolised energy, life and happiness.
As they arrived at the airport and the poet was about to leave for the aeroplane, she looked at her mother with her constant eyes once more. Her mother appeared weak and pale just like the moon in the winter season which seems to have lost all its strength. The poet felt the pain and fear of losing her mother. She recalled her childhood when she used to fear losing her mother. As a child, she could not bear to be separated from her mother even for a few second. Now the loss would be permanent as her mother was about to die and she would lose her forever.
The poet did not express her feelings. She smiled and said “see you soon, Amma” because she wanted that her mother should live and they could meet again.
यह भारतीय कवि कमला दास द्वारा लिखी गई एक दिल को छू लेने वाली कविता है जो ‘माधविकुट्टी’ के उपनाम से लिखती हैं। इस कविता में, वह अपनी बूढ़ी माँ के प्रति मातृ प्रेम और स्नेह की भावना का वर्णन करती है।
एक दिन कवि अपनी माँ से मिलने गया। वह वापस कोचीन लौटने के लिए एयरपोर्ट जा रही थी। उसने अपनी माँ की ओर देखा जो कार में उसके पास बैठी थी। उसकी माँ एक कोमल नींद में गिर गई और उसका बूढ़ा चेहरा – राख की तरह रंग में फीका पड़ गया। उसका मुंह खुला हुआ था और वह एक मृत शरीर के समान थी। कवि ने महसूस किया कि उसकी माँ काफी बूढ़ी थी। उसने उसके लिए दर्द और सहानुभूति महसूस की। उसकी माँ को प्यार, स्नेह और देखभाल की ज़रूरत थी।
अपनी माँ के चेहरे से नज़र हटाने के लिए, कवि ने कार की खिड़की से बाहर देखा। वहाँ उसने देखा कि बच्चे पेड़ और पौधे गुजर रहे हैं। छोटे बच्चे अपने घरों से बाहर खेल के मैदानों/पार्क में भाग रहे थे। यह दृश्य उसकी माँ के बूढ़े हुए चेहरे के विपरीत था। बच्चों का मुस्कुराता हुआ मासूम चेहरा ऊर्जा, जीवन और खुशी का प्रतीक है।
जब वे हवाई अड्डे पर पहुंचे और कवि हवाई जहाज के लिए निकलने ही वाला था, उसने अपनी माँ को एक बार फिर अपनी निरंतर आँखों से देखा। उसकी माँ सर्दी के मौसम में चाँद की तरह कमजोर और पीली दिखाई देती थी, ऐसा लगता है कि उसने अपनी सारी ताकत खो दी है। कवि ने अपनी माँ को खोने का दर्द और डर महसूस किया। उन्हें अपना बचपन याद आ गया जब उन्हें अपनी मां को खोने का डर सता रहा था। एक बच्चे के रूप में, वह अपनी माँ से कुछ सेकंड के लिए भी अलग नहीं हो सकती थी। अब नुकसान स्थायी होगा क्योंकि उसकी माँ मरने वाली थी और वह उसे हमेशा के लिए खो देगी।
कवि ने अपनी भावनाओं को व्यक्त नहीं किया। वह मुस्कुराई और कहा “जल्द ही मिलते हैं, अम्मा” क्योंकि वह चाहती थी कि उसकी माँ जीवित रहे और वे फिर से मिल सकें।
Poem: My Mother at sixty-six
Driving from my parent’s home to Cochin last Friday morning,
I saw my mother,beside me,
doze, open mouthed, her face
ashen like that of a corpse and realized with pain
that she was as old as she looked but soon
put that thought away, and looked out at Young
Trees sprinting, the merry children spilling
out of their homes, but after the airport’s security check, standing a few yards
away, I looked again at her, wan, pale as a late winter’s moon and felt that old familiar ache, my childhood’s fear,
but all I said was, see you soon, Amma,
all I did was smile and smile and
Difficult words and Meanings
- doze: a short, light sleep
- ashen: very pale, like ash.
- Open-mouthed: mouth in open sate
- corpse: a dead body.
- sprinting: here, shooting out of the ground.
- Merry children: Children with smiling and cheerful face
- spilling: here, to move out in great numbers.
- wan: unnaturally pale, as from physical or emotional distress.
- ache: pain
- Late winter’s moon: dull and dusky (moon without brightness)
Central Idea of The Poem: My Mother At Sixty-six
The central message of this poem is about ageing and degradation of life toward death. It is sheer true and natural law of each soul taken birth on this earth. It also mirrors the helplessness and limitation of mankind who has no control to save anyone’s life though they hold any power or position in their worldly life. It also depicts different stages and phase of human life which shows various colour in terms of feeling and emotions.
Sometime only one person is missing and the whole world seems depopulated.Alphonse De Lamartine
Questions and Answers
What is the kind of pain and ache that the poet feels?
When the poet looks at her mother’s face closely, she discovers that she has aged and her end is near. The feeling of her mother being old, needing care and help pains the poet as there is no one to look after her. She feels that her mother can die any moment and that then she will lose her forever. Her childhood fear of losing her mother which was then timely but now, will be forever, resurfaces. The poet feels the pain of her mother’s old age and her helplessness towards her. She has the fear of separating from her mother forever, upon her death.
Why are the young trees described as ‘sprinting’?
The young trees have been personified. When looked at from the poet’s moving car, they seem to be running past. The poet found it to be strikingly opposite to her mother who looked as still as a dead body.
Why has the poet brought in the image of the merry children ‘spilling out of their homes’?
The poet draws a comparison between what is travelling with her and what she can see outside. It’s a comparison between life and death. Her mother is sleeping, with mouth open, like a dead body, while outside she can see children who are full of life, energy and enthusiasm.
Why has the mother been compared to the ‘late winter’s moon’?
Just as the late winter’s moon is dull and lacks luster, so is her mother at the end stage of her life. Also, as the late winter moon gets overshadowed by the fog and mist in the sky similarly her mother can get overshadowed by death at any time. Both of them are nearing an end- one of season and the other of life.
What do the parting words of the poet and her smile signify?
The parting words of the poet show her positive attitude. She overcomes her pain and fear, assures herself and her mother that they would meet again. She is being very brave which is indicated by the use of repetition in the poem:
“smile and smile and smile……