- Rapport Building
- Thematic Quotes
- Text and Comprehension Questions
- Summary of the Chapter
- Assignment and Project work
- What is the significance of dreams in our lives? Do you think dreams can provide insights into our subconscious thoughts and desires?
- Have you ever experienced a dream that felt so real that it was difficult to distinguish from reality? How did that make you feel?
- Can daydreaming be a form of escape from reality or a source of inspiration? Share an example of a daydream that had a strong impact on your thoughts or actions.
- Do you believe that dreams can sometimes reveal hidden fears, hopes, or unresolved issues in our lives? Why or why not?
- How might the contradiction between our dreams and the reality we face affect our emotions and behaviors? Can it lead to personal growth or frustration?
- Have you ever had a dream that seemed to foreshadow a future event or provided a solution to a problem you were facing?
- What role does the unconscious mind play in shaping our dreams and daydreams? How might our subconscious thoughts influence our daily lives?
- Are there any famous dreams or dream-related stories from literature, history, or mythology that you find particularly intriguing or thought-provoking?
About the Chapter
The theme of this chapter revolves around the idea of alternate realities, historical divergence, and the mysterious consequences of catastrophic events. It delves into the concept that history can take various paths based on pivotal moments, ultimately leading to different outcomes in the world. Professor Gaitonde’s inexplicable journey from his familiar world to one with significant historical alterations serves as a vehicle to explore this theme. The lesson to be drawn from this chapter is the fragility of historical events and the potential for history to be reshaped by unforeseen circumstances. It underscores the importance of understanding the complexities of history and how seemingly minor changes can have profound effects on the course of events. Additionally, it prompts us to consider the notion of multiple realities and the interconnectedness of our decisions with the unfolding of history, encouraging a broader perspective on the past and its significance in shaping the present and future.
THE Jijamata Express sped along the Pune-Bombay* route considerably faster than the Deccan Queen. There were no industrial townships outside Pune. The first stop, Lonavala, came in 40 minutes. The ghat section that followed was no different from what he knew. The train stopped at Karjat only briefly and went on at even greater speed. It roared through Kalyan.
Meanwhile, the racing mind of Professor Gaitonde had arrived at a plan of action in Bombay. Indeed, as a historian he felt he should have thought of it sooner. He would go to a big library and browse through history books. That was the surest way of finding out how the present state of affairs was reached. He also planned eventually to return to Pune and have a long talk with Rajendra Deshpande, who would surely help him understand what had happened.
That is, assuming that in this world there existed someone called Rajendra Deshpande!
The train stopped beyond the long tunnel. It was a small station called Sarhad. An Anglo-Indian in uniform went through the train checking permits.
- What are the key differences in the train journey between the Jijamata Express and the Deccan Queen, as described in the text?
- What plan of action does Professor Gaitonde formulate during his train journey to Bombay, and why does he think it’s essential for his understanding of the present state of affairs?
- How does Professor Gaitonde’s background as a historian influence his approach to unraveling the mysteries of the new world he finds himself in?
- What is the significance of the train stopping at the station called Sarhad in the text, and who is responsible for checking permits on the train?
- What internal conflict or doubt does Professor Gaitonde have regarding the existence of someone named Rajendra Deshpande, and why is this doubt relevant to the story’s plot?
“This is where the British Raj begins. You are going for the first time, I presume?” Khan Sahib asked.
“Yes.” The reply was factually correct. Gangadharpant had not been to this Bombay before. He ventured a question: “And, Khan Sahib, how will you go to Peshawar?”
“This train goes to the Victoria Terminus*. I will take the Frontier Mail tonight out of Central.”
“How far does it go? By what route?”
“Bombay to Delhi, then to Lahore and then Peshawar. A long journey. I will reach Peshawar the day after tomorrow.”
Thereafter, Khan Sahib spoke a lot about his business and Gangadharpant was a willing listener. For, in that way, he was able to get some flavour of life in this India that was so different.
The train now passed through the suburban rail traffic. The blue carriages carried the letters, GBMR, on the side.
“Greater Bombay Metropolitan Railway,” explained Khan Sahib. “See the tiny Union Jack painted on each carriage? A gentle reminder that we are in British territory.”
The train began to slow down beyond Dadar and stopped only at its destination, Victoria Terminus. The station looked remarkably neat and clean. The staff was mostly made up of Anglo-Indians and Parsees along with a handful of British officers.
As he emerged from the station, Gangadharpant found himself facing an imposing building. The letters on it proclaimed its identity to those who did not know this Bombay landmark:
EAST INDIA HOUSE HEADQUARTERS OF THE EAST INDIA COMPANY
Prepared as he was for many shocks, Professor Gaitonde had not expected this. The East India Company had been wound up shortly after the events of 1857 — at least, that is what history books said. Yet, here it was, not only alive but flourishing. So, history had taken a different turn, perhaps before 1857. How and when had it happened? He had to find out.
As he walked along Hornby Road, as it was called, he found a different set of shops and office buildings. There was no Handloom House building. Instead, there were Boots and Woolworth departmental stores, imposing offices of Lloyds, Barclays and other British banks, as in a typical high street of a town in England.
* Now known as Chattrapati Shivaji Terminus
He turned right along Home Street and entered Forbes building.
“I wish to meet Mr Vinay Gaitonde, please,” he said to the English receptionist.
She searched through the telephone list, the staff list and then through the directory of employees of all the branches of the firm. She shook her head and said, “I am afraid I can’t find anyone of that name either here or in any of our branches. Are you sure he works here?”
This was a blow, not totally unexpected. If he himself were dead in this world, what guarantee had he that his son would be alive? Indeed, he may not even have been born!
He thanked the girl politely and came out. It was characteristic of him not to worry about where he would stay. His main concern was to make his way to the library of the Asiatic Society to solve the riddle of history. Grabbing a quick lunch at a restaurant, he made his way to the Town Hall.
- How does Professor Gaitonde’s knowledge of Bombay compare to Khan Sahib’s familiarity with the city, and why is Khan Sahib’s journey to Peshawar relevant to the conversation?
- Describe the train journey and the train’s destination as mentioned in the text. What notable details about the train and the railway system are highlighted?
- What surprising discovery does Professor Gaitonde make upon arriving at Victoria Terminus, and why is it significant in the context of the story?
- As Professor Gaitonde explores the transformed Bombay, what changes does he notice in the city’s landscape, businesses, and institutions, and how do these changes challenge his understanding of history?
- When Professor Gaitonde attempts to find Mr. Vinay Gaitonde at Forbes building, what unexpected information does he receive from the receptionist, and how does this revelation affect him?
Yes, to his relief, the Town Hall was there, and it did house the library. He entered the reading room and asked for a list of history books including his own.
His five volumes duly arrived on his table. He started from the beginning. Volume one took the history up to the period of Ashoka, volume two up to Samudragupta, volume three up to Mohammad Ghori and volume four up to the death of Aurangzeb. Up to this period history was as he knew it. The change evidently had occurred in the last volume.
Reading volume five from both ends inwards, Gangadharpant finally converged on the precise moment where history had taken a different turn.
That page in the book described the Battle of Panipat, and it mentioned that the Marathas won it handsomely. Abdali was routed and he was chased back to Kabul by the triumphant Maratha army led by Sadashivrao Bhau and his nephew, the young Vishwasrao.
The book did not go into a blow-by-blow account of the battle itself. Rather, it elaborated in detail its consequences for the power struggle in India. Gangadharpant read through the account avidly. The style of writing was unmistakably his, yet he was reading the account for the first time!
Their victory in the battle was not only a great morale booster to the Marathas but it also established their supremacy in northern India. The East India Company, which had been watching these developments from the sidelines, got the message and temporarily shelved its expansionist programme.
- What specific information was Professor Gaitonde looking for in the library of the Town Hall, and how did he feel when he found that the library was indeed present?
- In what way did Professor Gaitonde’s history books differ from his own knowledge of history up to the period of Aurangzeb, and what was the turning point that he discovered in his research?
- Describe the key details of the Battle of Panipat as mentioned in the text, including its outcome and the leaders of the Maratha army. How did this battle change the course of history in this alternate reality?
- Explain the significance of the Marathas’ victory in the Battle of Panipat and how it impacted the power dynamics in India, particularly in relation to the East India Company’s plans.
- How did Professor Gaitonde react to the account of the battle and its consequences in volume five of his history books, and why was it a moment of realization for him?
For the Peshwas the immediate result was an increase in the influence of Bhausaheb and Vishwasrao who eventfully succeeded his father in 1780 A.D. The trouble-maker, Dadasaheb, was relegated to the background and he eventually retired from state politics.
To its dismay, the East India Company met its match in the new Maratha ruler, Vishwasrao. He and his brother, Madhavrao, combined political acumen with valour and systematically expanded their influence all over India. The Company was reduced to pockets of influence near Bombay, Calcutta* and Madras, just like its European rivals, the Portuguese and the French.
For political reasons, the Peshwas kept the puppet Mughal regime alive in Delhi. In the nineteenth century these de facto rulers from Pune were astute enough to recognise the importance of the technological age dawning in Europe. They set up their own centres for science and technology. Here, the East India Company saw another opportunity to extend its influence. It offered aid and experts. They were accepted only to make the local centres self-sufficient.
The twentieth century brought about further changes inspired by the West. India moved towards a democracy. By then, the Peshwas had lost their enterprise and they were gradually replaced by democratically elected bodies. The Sultanate at Delhi survived even this transition, largely because it wielded no real influence. The Shahenshah of Delhi was no more than a figurehead to rubber-stamp the ‘recommendations’ made by the central parliament.
As he read on, Gangadharpant began to appreciate the India he had seen. It was a country that had not been subjected to slavery for the white man; it had learnt to stand on its feet and knew what self-respect was. From a position of strength and for purely commercial reasons, it had allowed the British to retain
* NowknownasKolkata Now known as Chennai
Bombay as the sole outpost on the subcontinent. That lease was to expire in the year 2001, according to a treaty of 1908.
Gangadharpant could not help comparing the country he knew with what he was witnessing around him.
But, at the same time, he felt that his investigations were incomplete. How did the Marathas win the battle? To find the answer he must look for accounts of the battle itself.
He went through the books and journals before him. At last, among the books he found one that gave him the clue. It was Bhausahebanchi Bakhar.
Although he seldom relied on the Bakhars for historical evidence, he found them entertaining to read. Sometimes, buried in the graphic but doctored accounts, he could spot the germ of truth. He found one now in a three-line account of how close Vishwasrao had come to being killed:
… And then Vishwasrao guided his horse to the melee where the elite troops were fighting and he attacked them. And God was merciful. A shot brushed past his ear. Even the difference of a til (sesame) would have led to his death.
At eight o’clock the librarian politely reminded the professor that the library was closing for the day. Gangadharpant emerged from his thoughts. Looking around he noticed that he was the only reader left in that magnificent hall.
“I beg your pardon, sir! May I request you to keep these books here for my use tomorrow morning? By the way, when do you open?”
“At eight o’clock, sir.” The librarian smiled. Here was a user and researcher right after his heart.
As the professor left the table he shoved some notes into his right pocket. Absent-mindedly, he also shoved the Bakhar into his left pocket.
- What were the immediate consequences for Bhausaheb and Vishwasrao after the Peshwas’ victory, and how did Dadasaheb’s role change in state politics?
- How did Vishwasrao and Madhavrao, the Maratha rulers, impact the influence and presence of the East India Company in India, and what was the result of their efforts?
- Why did the Peshwas choose to maintain the puppet Mughal regime in Delhi for political reasons, and how did they adapt to the changing times by setting up centers for science and technology?
- What role did the East India Company play in assisting the Peshwas with science and technology centers, and what was the ultimate outcome of this assistance?
- How did India transition toward democracy in the twentieth century, and what happened to the Peshwas during this transition?
- Describe the role of the Sultanate in Delhi during the twentieth century and its relationship with the central parliament.
- What did Gangadharpant observe about India’s history and its ability to stand on its own in comparison to the British colonial presence?
- What motivated Gangadharpant to continue his investigations, and how did he come across the Bhausahebanchi Bakhar, which held a clue to his inquiries?
He found a guest house to stay in and had a frugal meal. He then set out for a stroll towards the Azad Maidan. In the Maidan he found a throng moving towards a pandal. So, a lecture was to take place. Force of habit took Professor Gaitonde towards the pandal. The lecture was in progress, although people kept coming and going. But Professor Gaitonde was not looking at the audience. He was staring at the platform as if mesmerised. There was a table and a chair but the latter was unoccupied.
The presidential chair unoccupied! The sight stirred him to the depths. Like a piece of iron attracted to a magnet, he swiftly moved towards the chair.
The speaker stopped in mid-sentence, too shocked to continue. But the audience soon found voice.
“Vacate the chair!”
“This lecture series has no chairperson…”
“Away from the platform, mister!”
“The chair is symbolic, don’t you know?”
What nonsense! Whoever heard of a public lecture without a presiding dignitary? Professor Gaitonde went to the mike and gave vent to his views. “Ladies and gentlemen, an un-chaired lecture is like Shakespeare’s Hamlet without the Prince of Denmark. Let me tell you…”
But the audience was in no mood to listen. “Tell us nothing. We are sick of remarks from the chair, of vote of thanks, of long introductions.”
“We only want to listen to the speaker…”
“We abolished the old customs long ago…”
“Keep the platform empty, please…”
But Gangadharpant had the experience of speaking at 999 meetings and had faced the Pune audience at its most hostile. He kept on talking. He soon became a target for a shower of tomatoes, eggs and other objects. But he kept on trying valiantly to correct this sacrilege. Finally, the audience swarmed to the stage to eject him bodily And, in the crowd Gangadharpant was nowhere to be seen.
- Where did Professor Gaitonde find a guest house to stay in, and what did he do after having a frugal meal?
- What drew Professor Gaitonde’s attention in Azad Maidan, and how did he react to the sight he saw there?
- Why did the lecture’s audience become agitated when Professor Gaitonde approached the unoccupied chair on the platform? What were their objections?
- How did Professor Gaitonde respond to the audience’s objections, and what did he compare an “unchaired lecture” to in his speech?
- How did the audience react to Professor Gaitonde’s attempts to address them, and what eventually happened to him as a result of his actions?
“That is all I have to tell, Rajendra. All I know is that I was found in the Azad Maidan in the morning. But I was back in the world I am familiar with. Now, where exactly did I spend those two days when I was absent from here?”
Rajendra was dumbfounded by the narrative. It took him a while to reply.
“Professor, before, just prior to your collision with the truck, what were you doing?” Rajendra asked.
“I was thinking of the catastrophe theory and its implications for history.”
“Right! I thought so!” Rajendra smiled.
“Don’t smile smugly. In case you think that it was just my mind playing tricks and my imagination running amok, look at this.”
And, triumphantly, Professor Gaitonde produced his vital piece of evidence: a page torn out of a book.
Rajendra read the text on the printed page and his face underwent a change. Gone was the smile and in its place came a grave expression. He was visibly moved.
Gangadharpant pressed home his advantage. “I had inadvertently slipped the Bakhar in my pocket as I left the library. I discovered my error when I was paying for my meal. I had intended to return it the next morning. But it seems that in the melee of Azad Maidan, the book was lost; only this torn-off page remained. And, luckily for me, the page contains vital evidence.”
Rajendra again read the page. It described how Vishwasrao narrowly missed the bullet; and how that event, taken as an omen by the Maratha army, turned the tide in their favour.
“Now look at this.” Gangadharpant produced his own copy of Bhausahebanchi Bakhar, opened at the relevant page. The account ran thus:
… And then Vishwasrao guided his horse to the melee where the elite troops were fighting, and he attacked them. And God expressed His displeasure. He was hit by the bullet.
“Professor Gaitonde, you have given me food for thought. Until I saw this material evidence, I had simply put your experience down to fantasy. But facts can be stranger than fantasies, as I am beginning to realise.”
“Facts? What are the facts? I am dying to know!” Professor Gaitonde said.
- What does Professor Gaitonde reveal to Rajendra about his experience in the Azad Maidan, and what world is he referring to?
- What was Professor Gaitonde thinking about just before his collision with the truck, and why does Rajendra smile in response to this information?
- How does Professor Gaitonde provide evidence to support his experience in the alternate world, and what does this evidence consist of?
- What is the content of the page torn from the book, and how does it relate to Vishwasrao and the Maratha army?
- How does Rajendra’s perception of Professor Gaitonde’s experience change after examining the torn page, and what does Professor Gaitonde express a strong desire to know at the end of the text?
Rajendra motioned him to silence and started pacing the room, obviously under great mental strain. Finally, he turned around and said, “Professor Gaitonde, I will try to rationalise your experience on the basis of two scientific theories as known today. Whether I succeed or not in convincing you of the facts, only you can judge — for you have indeed passed through a fantastic experience: or, more correctly, a catastrophic experience!”
“Please continue, Rajendra! I am all ears,” Professor Gaitonde replied. Rajendra continued pacing as he talked.
“You have heard a lot about the catastrophe theory at that seminar. Let us apply it to the Battle of Panipat. Wars fought face to face on open grounds offer excellent examples of this theory. The Maratha army was facing Abdali’s troops on the field of Panipat. There was no great disparity between the latter’s troops and the opposing forces. Their armour was comparable. So, a lot depended on the leadership and the morale of the troops. The juncture at which Vishwasrao, the son of and heir to the Peshwa, was killed proved to be the turning point. As history has it, his uncle, Bhausaheb, rushed into the melee and was never seen again. Whether he was killed in battle or survived is not known. But for the troops at that particular moment, that blow of losing their leaders was crucial. They lost their morale and fighting spirit. There followed an utter rout.
“Exactly, Professor! And what you have shown me on that torn page is the course taken by the battle, when the bullet missed Vishwasrao. A crucial event gone the other way. And its effect on the troops was also the opposite. It boosted their morale and provided just that extra impetus that made all the difference,” Rajendra said.
“Maybe so. Similar statements are made about the Battle of Waterloo, which Napoleon could have won. But we live in a unique world which has a unique history. This idea of ‘it might have been’ is okay for the sake of speculation but not for reality,” Gangadharpant said.
“I take issue with you there. In fact, that brings me to my second point which you may find strange; but please hear me out,” Rajendra said.
- What scientific theories does Rajendra attempt to use in order to rationalize Professor Gaitonde’s experience, and why does he describe it as a “catastrophic experience”?
- How does Rajendra apply the catastrophe theory to the Battle of Panipat, and what role did Vishwasrao’s fate play in this context?
- According to Rajendra, what effect did the course of the battle, specifically the near miss of Vishwasrao by a bullet, have on the morale and outcome of the Maratha troops?
- How does Professor Gaitonde respond to Rajendra’s explanation, particularly when it comes to the idea of “it might have been” in history?
- What is Rajendra’s second point, and why does he want Professor Gaitonde to hear it out, even if it might seem strange to him?
Gangadharpant listened expectantly as Rajendra continued. “What do we mean by reality? We experience it directly with our senses or indirectly via instruments. But is it limited to what we see? Does it have other manifestations?
“That reality may not be unique has been found from experiments on very small systems—of atoms and their constituent particles. When dealing with such systems the physicist discovered something startling. The behaviour of these systems cannot be predicted definitively even if all the physical laws governing those systems are known.
“Take an example. I fire an electron from a source. Where will it go? If I fire a bullet from a gun in a given direction at a give speed, I know where it will be at a later time. But I cannot make such an assertion for the electron. It may be here, there, anywhere. I can at best quote odds for it being found in a specified location at a specified time.”
“The lack of determinism in quantum theory! Even an ignoramus historian like me has heard of it,” Professor Gaitonde said.
“So, imagine many world pictures. In one world the electron is found here, in another it is over there. In yet another it is in a still different location. Once the observer finds where it is, we know which world we are talking about. But all those alternative worlds could exist just the same.” Rajendra paused to marshall his thoughts.
“But is there any contact between those many worlds?” Professor Gaitonde asked.
“Yes and no! Imagine two worlds, for example. In both an electron is orbiting the nucleus of an atom…”
“Like planets around the sun…” Gangadharpant interjected.
“Not quite. We know the precise trajectory of the planet. The electron could be orbiting in any of a large number of specified states. These states may be used to identify the world. In state no.1 we have the electron in a state of higher energy. In state no.2 it is in a state of lower energy. It can make a jump from high to low energy and send out a pulse of radiation. Or a pulse of radiation can knock it out of state no. 2 into state no.1. Such transitions are common in microscopic systems. What if it happened on a macroscopic level?” Rajendra said.
“I get you! You are suggesting that I made a transition from one world to another and back again?” Gangadharpant asked. “Fantastic though it seems, this is the only explanation I
can offer. My theory is that catastrophic situations offer radically different alternatives for the world to proceed. It seems that so far as reality is concerned all alternatives are viable but the observer can experience only one of them at a time.
“By making a transition, you were able to experience two worlds although one at a time. The one you live in now and the one where you spent two days. One has the history we know, the other a different history. The separation or bifurcation took place in the Battle of Panipat. You neither travelled to the past nor to the future. You were in the present but experiencing a different world. Of course, by the same token there must be many more different worlds arising out of bifurcations at different points of time.”
As Rajendra concluded, Gangadharpant asked the question that was beginning to bother him most. “But why did I make the transition?”
“If I knew the answer I would solve a great problem. Unfortunately, there are many unsolved questions in science and this is one of them. But that does not stop me from guessing.” Rajendra smiled and proceeded, “You need some interaction to cause a transition. Perhaps, at the time of the collision you were thinking about the catastrophe theory and its role in wars. Maybe you were wondering about the Battle of Panipat. Perhaps, the neurons in your brain acted as a trigger.”
“A good guess. I was indeed wondering what course history would have taken if the result of the battle had gone the other way,” Professor Gaitonde said. “That was going to be the topic of my thousandth presidential address.”
“Now you are in the happy position of recounting your real life experience rather than just speculating,” Rajendra laughed. But Gangadharpant was grave.
“No, Rajendra, my thousandth address was made on the Azad Maidan when I was so rudely interrupted. No. The Professor Gaitonde who disappeared while defending his chair on the platform will now never be seen presiding at another meeting — I have conveyed my regrets to the organisers of the Panipat seminar
- According to Rajendra, what is the nature of reality, and how does it relate to the behavior of very small systems, such as atoms and their constituent particles?
- How does Rajendra use the example of firing an electron to illustrate the lack of determinism in quantum theory?
- Rajendra mentions the idea of “many world pictures.” What does he mean by this, and how does it relate to the behavior of electrons and other particles?
- What role does Rajendra propose for catastrophic situations in terms of causing transitions between different worlds or realities?
- Why does Rajendra suggest that Professor Gaitonde may have made a transition from one world to another and back again during the Azad Maidan incident?
- How does Professor Gaitonde react to Rajendra’s explanation of his experience, and what does he reveal about his interrupted thousandth presidential address?
Summary Of the Chapter : The Adventure
Unit 1: The story begins with Professor Gaitonde traveling on a train from Pune to Bombay. He plans to visit a library in Bombay to research historical books and understand the altered state of affairs in his current world, which appears to have diverged from the history he knows.
Unit 2: During the train journey, Gaitonde meets Khan Sahib, who is also traveling to Bombay. Khan Sahib explains that the British Raj begins in Bombay, and he intends to travel to Peshawar. Gaitonde observes the changes in this world compared to the one he knows, including the presence of the East India Company.
Unit 3: Gaitonde arrives at Victoria Terminus in Bombay, where he finds that the East India Company still exists. He seeks information about his son, Vinay Gaitonde, but cannot find any record of him. He plans to visit the Asiatic Society’s library to understand how history has changed.
Unit 4: At the library, Gaitonde examines historical books up to the period of Aurangzeb. He discovers that history in his world and the current world diverged after the Battle of Panipat, which the Marathas won in this world. This victory had significant consequences for India’s power dynamics, including the reduced influence of the East India Company.
Unit 5: Gaitonde continues his research, trying to understand how the Marathas won the Battle of Panipat. He comes across a book called “Bhausahebanchi Bakhar,” which contains a crucial clue about Vishwasrao narrowly avoiding a bullet during the battle. He realizes that he needs more information to fully comprehend the historical changes.
Unit 6: Gaitonde explores Bombay and ends up at the Azad Maidan, where a lecture is taking place. He becomes unexpectedly drawn to the unoccupied presidential chair on the stage and begins speaking, much to the audience’s displeasure. The audience eventually swarms the stage to remove him, and he disappears.
Unit 7: Gaitonde returns to Rajendra and recounts his experiences, including his disappearance during the lecture. He shows Rajendra the torn page from the book as evidence. Rajendra starts to consider scientific theories to explain Gaitonde’s experience.
Unit 8: Rajendra begins to explain the concept of multiple parallel worlds based on quantum theory. He suggests that Gaitonde might have transitioned between different worlds during a catastrophic event, like the Battle of Panipat. They discuss the possibilities and reasons behind this transition.
- Presidential: Relating to the President or their role.
- Frugal: Being economical and not wasteful with money.
- Sacrilege: Disrespect or violation of something sacred.
- Bifurcations: Splitting into two branches or paths.
- Astute: Clever and perceptive in judgment.
- Diverged: Splitting and going in different directions.
- Anglo-Indian: Pertaining to British-Indian heritage.
- De facto: In practice, not necessarily by law.
Quotes on Dream and Reality: Interpret the meaning of the followings in your ways
- “The future belongs to those who believe in the beauty of their dreams.” — Eleanor Roosevelt
- “Reality is wrong. Dreams are for real.” — Tupac Shakur
- “You know you’re in love when you can’t fall asleep because reality is finally better than your dreams.” — Dr. Seuss
- “All our dreams can come true if we have the courage to pursue them.” — Walt Disney
- “The biggest adventure you can take is to live the life of your dreams.” — Oprah Winfrey
- “Dream as if you’ll live forever, live as if you’ll die today.” — James Dean
- “The only thing that stands between you and your dream is the will to try and the belief that it is actually possible.” — Joel Brown
- “A dream doesn’t become reality through magic; it takes sweat, determination, and hard work.” — Colin Powell
- “The best way to make your dreams come true is to wake up.” — Paul Valéry
- “We are the music makers, and we are the dreamers of dreams.” — Arthur O’Shaughnessy