Money by William H. Davies| Class 12th Maharashtra Board

About the Poet: William H. Davies (1871-1940) was a Welsh poet and writer known for his poignant and often nature-inspired poetry. His life was marked by a series of ups and downs, including periods of homelessness and vagabonding, which deeply influenced his work. Davies’ poems often reflect a love for the simplicity of rural life and the beauty of the natural world. He is best known for his collection of poems titled “The Autobiography of a Super-Tramp,” which offers a unique perspective on the human experience and the connection between man and nature. Davies’ ability to capture the essence of life’s simplicity and its profound moments in his poetry has earned him a lasting place in English literature.


  1. Can money truly buy happiness, or is there a limit to how much it can contribute to our overall well-being?
  2. What are the differences between fleeting pleasures and lasting happiness, and how does money factor into each?
  3. How can one strike a balance between the pursuit of financial success and the pursuit of genuine, long-lasting happiness?
  4. What role does financial security play in our ability to experience happiness and peace of mind?
  5. In what ways can the constant pursuit of more money detract from our ability to enjoy the present moment and find contentment in life?
  6. Do cultural and societal norms influence our perceptions of happiness and wealth, and if so, how can we redefine these notions for ourselves?
  7. Can acts of kindness and generosity with one’s money lead to greater personal happiness than simply accumulating wealth for oneself?
  8. What are some examples of people who have found happiness through simplicity and minimalism, choosing to live with less material wealth?
  9. How does the concept of “enough” relate to money and happiness, and how can individuals determine what is “enough” for them personally?
  10. What are some strategies for prioritizing experiences, relationships, and personal growth over the accumulation of material wealth in the pursuit of happiness?
  11. What is the reality of Indian Society regarding hunger for money and losing humanity?

Text of the Poem: Money

“When I had money, money, O!

I knew no joy till I went poor;”

“For many a false man as a friend

Came knocking all day at my door.”

“Then felt I like a child that holds

A trumpet that he must not blow

Because a man is dead; I dared

Not speak to let this false world know.”

“Much have I thought of life, and seen

How poor men’s hearts are ever light;

And how their wives do hum like bees

About their work from morn till night.”

“So, when I hear these poor ones laugh,

And see the rich ones coldly frown

Poor men, think I, need not go up

So much as rich men should come down.”

“When I had money, money, O!

My many friends proved all untrue;

But now I have no money, O!

My friends are real, though very few.”

Central Idea Of the Poem: Money

The central idea of the poem “Money” by William H. Davies is the exploration of the complex relationship between money and its influence on human lives. The poem delves into the various ways in which money can shape people’s actions, priorities, and even their sense of self-worth. It highlights both the allure and the potential pitfalls of wealth, emphasizing that while money can provide comfort and security, it can also lead to a loss of genuine human connections, freedom, and happiness. Ultimately, the poem suggests that the pursuit of money, when taken to extremes, can result in a diminished quality of life and a loss of the simple pleasures that make life truly meaningful.

Read Think and Reflect

  1. “Money talks.” – This saying implies that money has the power to influence or even dictate decisions and actions in society.
  2. “Money is the root of all evil.” – This saying suggests that the pursuit of wealth can lead to unethical or harmful behavior.
  3. “When poverty comes in at the door, love flies out of the window.” – This saying highlights how financial difficulties can strain relationships and cause conflicts.
  4. “Money can’t buy happiness.” – This saying emphasizes that genuine happiness and fulfillment are not dependent on wealth and material possessions.
  5. “It’s not the money, but the principal.” – This saying underscores the idea that sometimes, values, ethics, and principles are more important than financial gain.
  6. “A penny for your thoughts.” – This saying implies that people often share their thoughts and feelings more freely when money is not involved.
  7. “A rich man is nothing but a poor man with money.” – This saying suggests that wealth does not necessarily change a person’s character or values.
  8. “The best things in life are free.” – This saying reminds us that some of the most valuable aspects of life, like love, friendship, and nature, cannot be bought with money.
  9. “Money makes the world go round.” – This saying acknowledges the practical importance of money in society and how it facilitates many aspects of daily life.
  10. “You can’t take it with you when you go.” – This saying reflects the idea that wealth and possessions are left behind in the end, and our true legacy is in our actions and relationships.

Topics for Debate

  1. The Pursuit of Money vs. Pursuit of Happiness: Is the pursuit of money a valid path to happiness and fulfillment, or do other factors play a more significant role in one’s overall well-being?
  2. Materialism and Mental Health: Does living in a materialistic society contribute to higher levels of stress, anxiety, and mental health issues, or does it provide individuals with the resources to access mental health support and wellness?
  3. Money and Relationships: To what extent does the pursuit of wealth strain personal relationships and create divisions among family and friends? Can money enhance relationships by providing stability and opportunities for shared experiences?
  4. The Role of Money in Society: Is money the root of all evil, as the saying goes, or is it a necessary and essential tool for a functioning society?
  5. Financial Education: Should financial literacy and education be a mandatory part of school curricula to prepare individuals for the financial challenges of a materialistic society?
  6. Income Inequality: How does income inequality in a materialistic society affect social cohesion, economic stability, and overall quality of life? What measures can be taken to address this issue?
  7. Consumerism and Sustainability: Is the consumer-driven culture in a materialistic society sustainable in the long run, considering its impact on the environment and finite resources?
  8. The Influence of Advertising: To what extent does advertising shape our materialistic desires and influence our spending habits? Should there be stricter regulations on advertising in a materialistic society?
  9. Alternative Forms of Wealth: Can non-material forms of wealth, such as time, health, and relationships, provide a more meaningful and fulfilling life compared to monetary wealth?
  10. Economic Growth vs. Well-Being: Is continuous economic growth in a materialistic society a valid goal, or should society prioritize the well-being and happiness of its citizens over GDP growth?

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